Pre-planting


Pre-planting activities involve choosing the right variety, developing a cropping calendar, and preparing the rice field for planting.

Rice varieties

The most suitable variety is the one that best meets the farmer and the consumer’s needs. It may not always give the highest yields and may be influenced by availability of water (either from rain or irrigation), soil type, and field elevation, and whether the rice would be sold or consumed at home.

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Seed quality

Good quality seed reduces the required seeding rate and produces strong, healthy seedlings, resulting in a more uniform crop with higher yields.

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Crop calendar

A cropping calendar is a picture of the rice growing season from the fallow period and land preparation, to crop establishment and maintenance through to harvest and storage.

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Land preparation

A well prepared and levelled field gives a uniform, healthy crop that can compete with weeds, uses less water, and gives higher yields at a lower cost.

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